The Story Of The Houseplant Jasmine
Where the jasmine really comes from has not yet been clarified. At least we know that she can be seen in some ancient paintings and that Roman women used her as decoration. In India, jasmine was and still is a symbol of hope. It is also often scattered at religious festivals in China and Indonesia.
The jasmine is not only beautiful, but also smells fantastic with its fragrant flowers. It came to Germany via France in the 17th century and is still used in Europe today to produce fine fragrances. Cultivation today takes place mainly in France, Italy, Egypt and China.
The different types of jasmine
Jasmine (genus = Jasminum) is actually just an umbrella term, as there are many different types. It's not entirely clear how many jasmine species there are today, some say 200 and still others say there are as many as 400 species.
The following species are just a tiny selection of the many jasmine varieties:
Jasminum angulare: This species has a white, fragrant flower. The climbing shrub can grow up to 700cm high and can be recognized by its red buds. Due to its size, however, this plant is more suitable for outdoors.
Jasminum grandiflorum: This type of jasmine has a very strong, intoxicating scent and is mainly used for perfume because of its essential oils. In contrast to the "Jasminum angulare", however, it only grows to a height of 80 cm. This species can be kept as a houseplant and also likes to be outside in summer.
Jasminum officinale: This jasmine houseplant is also called jasmine (jasminum officinale). Its white flowers hang on the plant in 5-7cm long umbels. This type of jasmine is the best-selling one because it produces an incredible amount of flowers and has a very pleasant scent.
With good care, it can reach a height of 2-3m. This variety is ideal as a patio, balcony and of course indoor plant.
The right location: bright and sunny!
The jasmine prefers a bright and sunny spot in your home or on your balcony. However, you should make sure that the midday sun is not too strong. To prevent pests, the room should be aired regularly.
The best care: how it works!
In addition to the right location and good ventilation, the supply of water and nutrients is also very important. In the following we will also explain what you have to consider when repotting and how you can propagate your jasmine.
The right soil for your jasmine
You can use normal potting soil here. Since the jasmine does not tolerate waterlogging, you should make sure that the water can drain off well.
Tip: Fill a layer of expanded clay in the bottom of the pot and also mix the soil with expanded clay so that it is a little more permeable.
Jasmine Gießen: you should pay attention to that!
Regular watering is the be-all and end-all, especially during the growth phase. Daily watering is life-saving in summer. The soil should always be evenly moist, because the jasmine does not tolerate waterlogging at all.
Tip: When watering, use low-lime water, rainwater is of course best suited.
Fertilizing: it's that easy!
The jasmine plant needs a lot of nutrients. Between April and September you should provide it with liquid fertilizer every 2 weeks.
Cutting jasmine: very lightly
Between February and March you can cut your jasmine back a bit. You stimulate it to a richer flowering.You shouldn't cut off too much, as it takes some time for the jasmine to develop new shoots. However, the real jasmine will also forgive you a radical pruning.
Caution: You should definitely wear gloves when cutting, as all parts of the plant are poisonous.
Repot once a year
The high demand for water and nutrients means that the soil loses quality very quickly. Therefore, repot your jasmine houseplant every spring.
Wintering of the jasmine houseplant
The majority of jasmine species are not hardy and should therefore be protected from frost. In order to overwinter the plant properly, you should have a bright but cool location with temperatures of around 10 degrees Celsius. If the Jasmin is too warm in winter, it will not form as many flowers in the following year. However, the jasmine does not need fertilizer in winter and even small amounts of water are sufficient for it.
Propagating the houseplant "Jasmine" is so easy
Propagation is easiest with woody cuttings. To do this, cut off lignified, older shoots between May and June and leave them in the water until roots form. However, relatively high temperatures between 18 and 21°C are required for root formation. Once the new plant has rooted, you can plant it in a pot.
Is jasmine poisonous?
Absolutely! Every part of this plant is poisonous. So make sure that it is set up out of the reach of children and animals. Also, immediately collect any fallen blossoms and leaves.
The right room for your jasmine
A very bright and warm room is best suited here. Your jasmine is happiest in the living room with a south-facing window. Here he gets enough sun and it can also be properly ventilated.
Tips for problems with your jasmine
If your jasmine is in a warm place with little ventilation in winter, pests such as aphids and mealybugs can quickly attack your plant. If you have already observed an infestation, then carefully shower your plant and try to remove all pests.
The most common care mistake, however, is overwatering. If the soil of your houseplant is too moist, the roots can start to rot. So always make sure that the water can run off and check before watering whether your plant is still damp.
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